Responses from 215 cities highlighted the advantages and disadvantages between city labor and the independent contractors. Many felt that day labor construction was better suited for small jobs, saves the time of preparing bidding and contract documents, facilitates changes of construction plans as the work progresses, and offers better supervision. On the other hand, many felt that the independent contractor was less expensive, offered a city the advantages of specialized contractors who have both ability and experience, is more efficient, provides definite cost amounts, relieves the city of certain administrative worries, and lessens the city's labor payroll. Apparently, it is difficult to pin down areas where contract work is favored over force account labor because of the many variables involved: expense, size of city and its work force, dependability and skill of local contractors, and administrative responsibilities. Only one thing is certain: cities want the best quality work they can get at reasonable costs.