Recent information reporting equipment and management costs of complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the penalties for noncompliance with it may make the reader feel frustrated, victimized or little short of paralyzed. On the other hand, statistics that should give some pause to examine the construction industry are those that report a 1968 record of 240,000 disabling injuries and 2,800 deaths among construction workers, the largest number in the major industry groups. The costs of these accidents are as inestimable as those of compliance with OSHA. The efforts of one very large paving contractor are of particular interest. The Ballenger Corporation of Greenville, South Carolina has undertaken an accident prevention program as a means of reducing the likelihood of running afoul of OSHA. They identified several construction hazards overlooked such as failure to install guard rails around openings in decks; failure to install toe boards; failure to install rails across openings; failure to inspect construction equipment; delivery to the job of faulty braces and locking devices; and improper use of ladders. They also identified new hazards brought on by new equipment such as handling of large units of ganged formwork; the action of high speed concrete hoists; the movements of large units; the relocation of specially designed formwork; and the shoring of unique arrangements of decks, etc. In response, The Ballenger Corporation instituted a training program to promote safety among their workers. At the same time, they initiated an equipment improvement program to comply with OSHA as nearly as they understood it. They installed backup alarms on all their trucks having obstructed rear views. On some they used manufactured alarms and on others they connected a horn to the reverse gear system, a relatively inexpensive installation. Seat belts and other pieces of protective equipment were installed on all machines having rollover protective structures.