The September 1984 issue of Concrete Construction contained the results of a research study of the previous year by Ernie Karl Schrader III, who was 10 years old at the time the work was done. He published his results under the title "Effect of Freezing Concrete at Early Ages." What was not reported in his September 1984 article is that the City of Walla Walla, Washington had already got some benefit from his research work. The city had been faced with a decision about whether to tear out a new sidewalk that had frozen during the night following the day it was built. Schrader's work provided key evidence for the city's decision not to replace the walk.