Accidents in the construction industry cost $8.9 billion, or 6.5% of the total annual construction dollars. This clearly indicates, putting aside humanitarian interests and legal obligations, that it makes good business sense to study the causes of accidents and ways to prevent them. The costs cited are totals including both direct and indirect items. The direct costs include: worker's compensation; liability; and property damage. Indirect costs of accidents include a number of factors such as: loss of productivity; disrupted construction schedules; wages to injured workers and other workers for time not worked; cleanup and repair; third party liability claims; and equipment damage. With the stakes so high, both large and small construction companies should make a serious effort to improve their safety records. Some methods companies have used to increase safety awareness are: safety handbooks; safety meetings and posters; and safety awards.