Egypt today has much poverty, and its population is crowded into a narrow strip adjacent to the Nile, with the remaining 95% of the country a vast desert. As the population increases, the small amount of arable land near the river is being converted to living space, a conundrum that makes it increasingly difficult for Egypt to feed its people. To address this, an aggressive program is underway to develop industrial areas and irrigated desert outside of the traditional living areas. Two projects designed by Cairo-based Hamza Associates that are part of this effort are the Al-Sokhna Port near the Suez Canal on the Red Sea, and the South Valley Development Project near Toshka in southern Egypt.