Financial pressures on the contractor to get the job done faster all too often result in safety being reduced to a bare minimum, or sometimes below acceptable levels. That is why we have codes and standards which try to assure at least the minimum performance necessary for safety.


The starting point in coping with codes and standards is to be aware of what they are and what they say. In the United States formwork builders and designers, project planners, and managers are subject to various state and local code requirements for formwork, as well as to a body of national regulations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the leading authority on safety standards. Other organizations are the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the American Concrete Institute (ACI). Some state and local codes have their own highly specific provisions for form and shore removal and other aspects of formwork safety. Each builder must be familiar with the codes peculiar to his own area.