After the smoke has cleared and the firefighters have gone, the building owner had his first opportunity to access the damage. His initial shock may quickly turn to dismay. Yet fire damaged concrete is not of often what it seems. Although concrete may suffer in generally does surprisingly well in fires. How can the owner and his agents make a first quick but objective appraisal? Before doing another thing it is important to consider safety. All live loads should be kept off even if the structure seems to be secure. The structure should be shored to relieve all members whose load-carrying capacity is in doubt, taking special care not to transfer excessive loads to other members. No dead load should be added. Shoring should remain in place and load restrictions enforced until an investigation proves them to be unnecessary, or until the structure is repaired or demolished. When the structure has been shored and it is safe to walk through it, a careful visual examination of columns, slabs, and beams will produce valuable information. Observations should be tabulated on a form prepared ahead of time, which may be a schematic diagram of the building. Table 1 found in the article may be used as a guide to what to look for. Building elements can be assigned to one of the four damage classes given in the table and the classification entered on the diagram. Unusual observations should also be entered. The probable treatment indicated at the bottom of Table 1 is a good first guide to whether the structure an be restored and, if so, how readily.