The question in the title refers to the most recent version of the ACI Building Code which has been criticized as being too complicated or too complex, or both. As a member of Committee 318 and as a teacher, I am ready to admit that the Code is indeed complicated and complex, but I am not sure that the use of the adverb "too" is fully justified. I believe that the complication and complexities of the Code are, in many cases, justified and, in some cases, inevitable; but many of them are remediable. I believe the Code is complex because it deals with or attempts to deal with complex structures. If it could be limited only to simple structures, it would be a simple, or at least a much simpler, Code. Those who look back with nostalgia and yearning at the Codes of 30 or 40 years ago probably don't realize how limited they were. It was possible to write a simple Code and still provide ample conservatism in design when most reinforced concrete buildings were simple framed structures or flat slabs with almost identical and nearly square panels. I have tried to show that the complexity of the Code is unavoidable if it is really necessary to combine simple and complex structures in the same document. If we can define simple structures with sufficient precision for administration by the building official, it should be a fairly easy job to write a simple code for such structures, and another code for all the remaining "complex" structures. I am not sure such definition and separation is possible; I am certain it will not be easy. However, if it turns out that it is necessary for the Code to cover both simple and complex structures, it might still be possible to so arrange the Code internally that, at lest in some portions, simple methods can be specified for simple circumstances, and more complex methods for the more complex cases. This is done now in a few instances; it can be done in many more. But what cannot be done is to have a simple Code for complex structures without having conservativisms which increase sharply with the degree of complexity and thus lead to perhaps unacceptable lack of economy.