Charles Edouard Jeannert, who called himself Le Corbusier, was often during his lifetime acclaimed as the world's greatest architect. He will long be remembered as one of the most controversial figures of the building world. Le Corbusier was an architect in the true sense of the word. He saw and used concrete in full exploitation of its form, texture, and color. He lived, and apparently thrived, in an aura of controversy in which he angered, shocked, outraged, and offended influential groups and potential clients throughout the world. His early work mostly reflects a geometric approach to design. Only in his later years did he begin to use concrete to create effects of almost explosive force. His first United States job, the one and one-half million dollar Visual Arts Center at Harvard, falls less violently into either style. It reflects a blending of line and texture that is one of the most powerful and impressive pieces of architecture to be seen in North America. The war years put a stop to European architectural adventures. The situation changed, however, in 1952 when he was commissioned to design a Unite d'Habitation for the city of Marseilles, a project which again brought him into the controversial limelight. For the first time, Corbusier was give complete freedom of expression to plan middle income housing. The project has since become world famous as the basic example of how such dwellings can be built. By 1955, however, Corbusier was beginning to look for entirely new fields to conquer and he turned his attention eastward. Because of his work there, he was given a chance to design a new capital for the Punjab to replace Lahore which had been handed over to Pakistan. The new capital was constructed in stages. The first stage provided accommodation for 150,000 inhabitants; the second stage will be for 500,000 inhabitants. Final plans included an administrative center, commercial buildings, a university, hospitals, theaters and every other conceivable modern cultural facility which promises to make Chandigarh the world's concrete showplace.