Using float pans, which are attached to the blades of walk-behind or nonoverlapping ride-on power trowels, offers finishers several advantages, including increased productivity, flatter floors, easier transition from wet to dry areas when floating and superior ability to break open the concrete surface. To obtain the benefits from these advantages, however, finishers must learn how to use the pans properly.

Article covers pan floating techniques (including floating speed and direction, beginners' mistakes and floating slab edges), how to deal with pan friction, and the factors that can affect the timing of pan floating (such as bleedwater, concrete rigidity and jobsite conditions). It also explains the main purposes of power floating.