Download PDF version (385.6k) The full article is available as a free PDF document.

Corrosion of reinforcing steel due to chloride ingress is one of the most common environmental attacks that lead to the deterioration of concrete structures. Corrosion-related damage to bridge deck overlays, parking garages, marine structures, and manufacturing plants results in millions of dollars spent annually on repairs. This durability problem has received widespread attention in recent years because of its frequent occurrence and the associated high cost of repairs.