The cost of pumping concrete for a large building foundation mat can be minimized in several ways:
Traditional cast-in-place concrete retaining walls are fast becoming untraditional.
Ten earth-covered missile assembly buildings built at K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base in Michigan's upper peninsula presented the contractor with scheduling and forming challenges.
Why does Chicago's River City, an unusual cast-in-place concrete building, look the way it does?
Frost can damage pavements and building structures in two ways: heaving of the frozen ground, caused by ice lenses forming in the soil, and collapse of the ground, caused by the thaw of these same ice lenses.